List of time zone abbreviations Time zones are often represented by alphabetic abbreviations such as "EST", "WST", and "CST", but these are not part of the international time and date standard ISO and their use as sole designator for a time zone is discouraged. He proposed 24 hourly time zones, which he called "longitudinal days", the first centred on the meridian of Rome.
Bymost major countries had adopted hourly time zones. It was inaugurated on Sunday, November 18,also called "The Day of Two Noons",  when each railroad station clock was reset as standard-time noon was reached within each time zone. The confusion of times came to an end when Standard zone time was formally adopted by the U.
Greenwich Mean Time GMT was established inwhen the Royal Observatory was built, as an aid to mariners to determine longitude at sea, providing a standard reference time while each city in England kept Time zones different local time.
The problem of differing local times could be solved across larger areas by synchronizing clocks worldwide, but in many places that adopted time would then differ markedly from the solar time to which people were accustomed.
August Learn how and when to remove this template message The first known person to conceive of a worldwide system of time zones was the Italian mathematician Quirico Filopanti.
ISO ISO is an international standard that defines methods of representing dates and times in textual form, including specifications for representing time zones. Worldwide time zones[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. List of UTC time offsets Time zones map Political map showing how a great part of the world has a gap between the official time and the solar.
Mean solar time has days of equal length, and the difference between the two sums to zero after a year. He advocated his system at several international conferences, and is credited with "the initial effort that led to the adoption of the present time meridians".
About August 23,time signals were first transmitted by telegraph from the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. When well-regulated mechanical clocks became widespread in the early 19th century,  each city began to use some local mean solar time.
This standard was known as New Zealand Mean Time. Early timekeeping[ edit ] Before clocks were first invented, it was common practice to mark the time of day with apparent solar time also called "true" solar time — for example, the time on a sundial — which was typically different for every location and dependent on longitude.
NewfoundlandIndia, Iran, Afghanistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, the Marquesasas well as parts of Australia use half-hour deviations from standard time, and some nations, such as Nepal, and some provinces, such as the Chatham Islands of New Zealand, use quarter-hour deviations.
For example, the border between its Eastern and Central time zones ran through DetroitBuffaloPittsburghAtlantaand Charleston. Some British clocks from this period have two minute hands—one for the local time, one for GMT.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The first adoption of a standard time was on December 1,in Great Britain by railway companies using GMT kept by portable chronometers.
He also proposed his system at the International Meridian Conference in Octoberbut it did not adopt his time zones because they were not within its purview. For example, Bristol is about 2. Many applied the time at a local astronomical observatory to an entire country, without any reference to GMT.
Railway time[ edit ] Plaque commemorating the Railway General Time Convention of in North America Local solar time became increasingly inconvenient as rail transport and telecommunications improved, because clocks differed between places by amounts corresponding to the differences in their geographical longitudes, which varied by four minutes of time for every degree of longitude.
The conference did adopt a universal day of 24 hours beginning at Greenwich midnight, but specified that it "shall not interfere with the use of local or standard time where desirable". Congress in the Standard Time Act of March 19, He introduced the idea in his book Miranda!
He also proposed a universal time to be used in astronomy and telegraphy. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Some junctions served by several railroads had a clock for each railroad, each showing a different time. This quickly became known as Railway Time.
In he specified that his universal day would begin at the anti-meridian of Greenwich th meridianwhile conceding that hourly time zones might have some limited local use.
The offset from UTC changes with daylight saving timee. This numeric representation of time zones is appended to local times in the same way that alphabetic time zone abbreviations or "Z", as above are appended.
In he proposed four ideal time zones having north—south bordersthe first centered on Washington, D. But his book attracted no attention until long after his death.
On November 2,the then British colony of New Zealand officially adopted a standard time to be observed throughout the colony, and was perhaps the first country to do so. Dowd proposed a system of one-hour standard time zones for American railroads aboutalthough he published nothing on the matter at that time and did not consult railroad officials until Each Time Zone is measured relative to Greenwich, England.
There are both civilian designations which are typically three letter abbreviations (e.g. EST) for most time zones. Time Zones: Go to map list to view and print the Time Zones Map.: The National Map has prepared a Time Zones map of the United States that you can print or use online.
This map portrays six time zones for the United States. USA Time Zone Map- 12 HOUR FORMAT Time mode hours or 12 hours (AM/PM) Time map for Canada / map for Mexico / map for Caribbean / Central America / map.
This is a time zones by US states. For more information about time zones, please see: time zone.
Most of the United States uses Daylight Saving Time (DST). In the list, it will say if the state or territory does not use DST. Daylight Saving Time; Time Zone Abbreviations; Time Zone News; Time Tools Overview; Related Link. Time API Services; Related Time Zone Tools.
Search for a City and Find Local Time; Personal World Clock; Time Zone Map; Meeting Planner; Event Time Announcer – Show local times worldwide for your event. A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
Time zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time.
Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time .Download