Because Galileo lived and worked at such an opportune time, he is considered by most to be the father of modern observational astronomy not to mention the father of modern physics. Not discouraged, Herschel went on to discover several satellites of both Saturn and Uranus, that some stars exist in binary systems, and made unsuccessful attempts to map the shape of the Milky Way Galaxy.
He also suggested that it has no boundary or border. William Herschel — Apart from being known as an expert observer and a maker of excellent telescopes, the most important discovery made by Herschel was the existence of infrared radiation, through the use of a prism and three common mercury-filled thermometers.
Despite this, Kepler championed the idea like no other astronomer had and brought it to the forefront of the scientific revolution.
Albert Einstein at the blackboard. He also included in his work a set of tables known almost comically as the Handy Tableswhich made it much easier to calculate the positions of the planets, the sun and the moon, the rising and setting of the stars, and the dates of lunar and solar eclipses. He also was the first to realize that the solar system was moving through space, and was able to estimate as to the direction of the movement.
His observations led him to the discovery that the farther away a galaxy was from the Milky Way, the faster it was moving away from us.
That makes these 20 the best candidates for life as we know it. Hubble is credited with discovering galaxies outside of our own Milky Way. Sagan not only made important scientific studies in the fields of planetary science, he also managed to popularize astronomy more than any other individual.
John Michell — Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin — Interestingly enough, Kepler was himself a very religious man— he had planned on becoming a priest before ultimately deciding on pursuing science.
One of his famous experiments included observing the planet Venus over a certain period, and recording the various phases it would go through with a telescope, one can see that Venus goes through phases, not unlike our moon.
The Almagest, which is revered even today, used a series of deferents and epicycles to describe planetary motions, and it was the foundation of observational astronomy for 1, years, until the work of Copernicus superseded it as a working heliocentric model of the solar system.
To put it simply, he was fortunate to be alive when the telescope was invented around AD. However, the work of modern astronomers rests largely upon the discoveries and insights of previous generations of scientists, so in this list, we will take a closer a look at the ten most important astronomers of the last several hundred years, in chronological order.
This gave him absolutely unprecedented access to information on the heavens— and he was the first to capitalize on it.
While chronicling the supernova ofBrahe also proved that since it showed no diurnal parallax, the supernova must therefore lay beyond the Moon.Top Astronomers Here’s our alphabetical list of the most popular astronomers, or contributors to astronomy, astrophysics, or cosmology on the Famous Scientists website, ordered by surname.
Luis Alvarez – Top Astronomer: Astronomy Facts, Constellation Guide, Star Charts, Astronomical Calendar, Telescope and Night Sky Guide.
Famous Astronomers and Astrophysicists Alphabetical.
Classical Period; Nicolaus Copernicus: Polish developed a simple heliocentric model of the solar system that explained planetary retrograde motion and overturned Greek astronomy: Tycho Brahe: Danish. This list of famous astronomers includes great scientists in history who mastered many fields and modern astronomers who helped popularize astronomy.
The Most Famous Astronomers of All Time For as long as humanity has gazed up at the stars, there have been astronomers studying the heavens in. Kepler has catalogued over 4, exoplanet candidates, including in the habitable zone.
Now, researchers have analyzed data and narrowed the list down to the 20 best candidates for habitable.Download