What constitutes good or effective practice is complex and open to discussion and debate. These are the key points in Learning Guide 2 There are five key themes, emphasising theories, frameworks or aspects of working with children young people and families, which will recur throughout the module.
How does this change across time? However, even these methods may provide valuable information when properly applied. This is a concept the chapter stresses. While the tests that are described provide a lot more data, Guazzo notes they represent a big shift in current thinking.
Its composition raises some important questions about who works with children and in what sort of organisations. If you adopt other tests, yes, initially firms must be prepared to pay an initial cost for equipment and for staff education, but the benefits far outweigh those costs.
Prior to this revision, the USP chapter was about two pages long and provided very high level information regarding what package integrity, including brief mention of a few method types.
Ecological models are not static; they need to take into consideration changes to people, communities and society across time. It takes less than a second to get the data that tells you if the headspace content has changed.
Ecological models can support how we think about practice and how we organise practice — including policy, assessment and collaborative relationships such as multi-agency working.
This effort took approximately two years. It is important to understand the context most relevant to you, but valuable learning can also be drawn from comparing developments in different contexts and countries.
Attempting to measure good practice through outcomes can play a role in improving practice with children and families but also has some major limitations. In the end, the product is left vulnerable and sometimes unreliable.
These methods are divided into two different sub-groups: With a headspace analysis test, you could evaluate the headspace content of a package with a laser light. To align these recommendations with current thinking on this topic, a panel of experts, including representatives from industry, academia, and the FDA, were commissioned by the USP Microbiology and USP Packaging, Storage, and Distribution Expert Committees to complete the update.
Instead, it gives a generic description of each leak test technology. Developing the skill of reflection can enhance your learning from the module and day-to-day practice. These are Revision for k218 key points in Learning Guide 4 We will write a custom essay sample on Revision for K or any similar topic only for you We will write a custom essay sample on Revision for K It indicated that if you want to deviate from the more traditional microbial ingress test, a comparison of a microbial test to the alternative method should be completed.
For certain products that are oxygen sensitive, or perhaps must be sealed under vacuum, package integrity should reflect the ability of the package to prevent oxygen ingress or maintain sub-atmospheric headspace pressures.
Further, both dye and microbial challenge tests have the disadvantage of destroying the test package, thereby providing no information about the integrity of actual product packages that are distributed to the market. According to Guazzo, such tests are very subject to error.
This chapter is not mandated but does reflect recommended best practices. However, the chapter is not meant to be prescriptive. Such tests are not reliable—and by the way, neither are dye tests—for detecting small leaks that still pose risks to the product.
Eliminating the cumbersome processes used today is also a plus. Guazzo says this is no longer required. An Investment In Accuracy While Guazzo says a significant investment in expertise and instrumentation will need to be made to obtain the resources necessary to perform these less traditional tests, the long-term savings and security they offer are well worth it.
Probabilistic methods include those relied upon more traditionally in the pharmaceutical industry, such as tracer liquid ingress testing—also called dye testing—and microbial challenge ingress testing.
Examples of deterministic methods would include tracer gas leak testing, such as helium mass spectrometry performed in a vacuum mode, vacuum decay, mass extraction, as well as electrical conductivity and capacitance testing, which is often called high voltage leak detection.
Guazzo and the rest of the experts, including the FDA, hope that anyone dealing with package integrity testing will not wait for a regulation to take action.
She believes these change are necessary to better protect not just the product but also the patient. These are the key points in Learning Guide 3 An ecological perspective is useful for making sense of the complexities that surround working with children, young people and families.
Guazzo explains package integrity testing should not be a one-time test or confirmation but an ongoing process that starts in package development and continues for the life of the product.
The financial benefits, over time, will more than pay for that investment.K So, I am studying this course, Working with Children & Young People with the Open University.
Well, it's called something like that anyway! I am going to use this space to make notes on each section of the course, to help me make sense of it all come revision time. I'm finding this course hard, as the two previous Open Uni courses I've. Aug 24, · I seem to be doing very well with K but K my marks have been average - 55 - I just received 35 for my last one - a fail - I am appealing this as I do not agree with my tutor.
Does anyone have any experiences of this. Jun 11, · K Exam Preps Keith Warham. Violin Concerto No.4 KJulia Fischer[3 Music for STUDYING and FOCUS and HOMEWORK or REVISION - Duration: RelaxingRecords -. CMS Releases ICD Assessment and Maintenance Toolkit. The ICD Next Steps Toolkit gives providers the tools and information to assess ICD progress using key performance indicators.
With the Toolkit, providers can identify and address opportunities.
Start studying KE revision. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unscramble the word. His life experiences provided the WRA material for his best-seller.Download