Abstract The distichus species group includes six species and 21 subspecies of trunk ecomorph anoles distributed across Hispaniola and its satellite islands as well as the northern Bahamas. The most comprehensive and robust phylogeny for Leptolalax to date is presented.
The diversification pattern of the group is complex, involving a high degree of sympatry and prevalence of microendemic species. Phylogenetic definition and content: Our well-resolved phylogeny based on multiple nuclear DNA markers shows that Leptolalax is not monophyletic with respect to Leptobrachella and, thus, we assign the former to being a junior synonym of the latter.
A were collected from the type locality of C. Rana crassiovis Boulenger,Syntypes: A, male, Provinsi Sumatera Barat; b S. Sumatera itself is named after the kingdom of Samudra Pasai, which was located along the coast of Aceh, Sumatra from the 13th to the 16th centuries CE.
The DNA barcodes of the gastromyzophorous tadpoles matched adults from the same sites. Finally, third, we use comparative phylogenetic analyses to test the hypothesis that divergence between pale yellow and darkly pigmented orange or red dewlap coloration has occurred repeatedly across the distichus species group.
Herein, we provide a re-description of adult C. To study the diversity and relationships of these frogs and to establish the identity of newly collected gastromyzophorous tadpoles from Sumatra, we compared genetic sequences of C. Gastromyzophorous tadpoles are rare among anurans, known only in certain American bufonids and Asian ranids.
The two new species and C. An understanding of the biogeographical history and drivers of this diversity is lacking, especially in some of the most diverse and threatened groups.
Molecular analyses reveal many undescribed species, mostly in southern China and Indochina. Samudra is a sanskrit word that means gathering of the seas, a place where the Andaman, Java, and South China seas meet the Indian Ocean. We generated a multilocus phylogenetic dataset for the A. Rana, was also the very first generic name to be assigned to a member of the S.
Adult frogs of these genus usually perched on rocks or vegetation at the stream. A, female, paratype, Provinsi Bengkulu.
In addition, the diversity of this genus remains poorly understood, and the phylogenetic relationships among species of Leptolalax and closely related Leptobrachella Smith remain unclear. In the absence of thorough sampling and molecular barcoding of adults and larvae, it has remained to be confirmed whether other Sumatran ranid species living in similar habitats, i.
The monophyletic clade of Sumaterana gen. The known elevational range is from — m a. Moreover, the taxonomic status of this species has long been uncertain and its taxonomic position within the Ranidae, previously based exclusively on morphological characters, has remained unresolved.
Our analyses recovered C. The molecular evidence, morphological features, and distribution suggest the presence of two related new species. Similarly, analyses reject monophyly of the two subgenera of Leptolalax. Northern Sundaland Borneo and eastern Indochina Vietnam appear to have played pivotal roles as geographical centers of diversification, and paleoclimatic changes and tectonic movements seem to have driven the major divergence of clades.
Our results reveal that both vicariance and dispersal are responsible for current distribution patterns in the genus. Red branches represent relationship between Clinotarsus and Huia melasma. Tadpoles of these frogs can be found in groups attached to the top or sides of rocks in fast moving water.
Arifin, except for b by A. Our phylogenetic analyses and morphological examination supports these taxonomic recognitions uncorrected p-distances in Suppl.
Sumaterana is a compound generic epithet created from the Indonesian proper noun Sumatera, the Indonesian name for the island of Sumatra, and rana, the feminin Latin word for frog. First, we consider longstanding taxonomic controversies about the status of several species and subspecies assigned to the distichus species group.
Our goal here is to generate a multilocus phylogenetic dataset one mitochondrial and seven nuclear loci and to use this dataset to infer phylogenetic relationships among the majority of the taxa assigned to the distichus species group.
Herein, we evaluate species-level diversity based on 48 of the 53 described species from throughout the distribution of Leptolalax. Although this group has long served as a model system for studies of reproductive character displacement, adaptation, behavior and speciation, it has never been the subject of a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis.
Bayesian on the right and Maximum Likelihood on the left trees showing the phylogenetic relationship of the crassiovis-group. Photographs were taken from ZMH.
Comparison of three lineages within Clade 1 based on the coloration of iris, the coloration of rear of thigh, and nuptial pad. Species of Sumaterana gen.Read "Phylogenetic analysis and identification of Shigella spp. by molecular probes, Molecular and Cellular Probes" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A regime consisting of 94°C for 90 s (1 cycle), 94°C for 30 s—50°C for 30 s—72°C for 1 min (10 cycles), 94°C for 30 s—44°C for 30 s—72°C for 1 min (25 cycles), followed by a single terminal extension step (72°C for 7 min) on a Perkin–Elmer Gene Amp was usually satisfactory.
Mar 10, · Our phylogenetic analyses and morphological examination supports these taxonomic recognitions (uncorrected p-distances in Suppl.
materials 3). Distribution and habitat: Species of Sumaterana gen. n. inhabit riparian habitats in primary or secondary forest in Sumatra, Indonesia. We performed phylogenetic comparative analyses of dewlap color to test for phylogenetic signal in this trait—a non-random distribution of phenotypic states with respect to the group’s phylogeny.
Evidence of either a lack of signal or an underdispersed distribution of dewlap phenotypes would be incompatible with the reproductive character. Phylogenetic plant community structure along elevation is lineage specific Charlotte Ndiribe, Loïc Pellissier, Silvia Antonelli, Anne Dubuis, Julien Pottier, Pascal Vittoz, Antoine Guisan, Nicolas Salamin.
“pseudocryptic” species B. selampandei sp. nov. Based on phylogenetic analyses, Paraxanopsis truncata was transferred to the subgenus Brachypodopsis (s.
s.). here to new species B. kinabaluensis sp. nov.) are resolved in a.Download