Nonetheless, I am suggesting that we give students time to think. Here are some strategies that will help you prepare for and lead an effective discussion. One option is to call for clarification.
Consider the following questions when making your evaluation: Students sometimes need to get it wrong, take risks, or try out different ideas to learn. The teacher waits until a student raises her hand.
In these examples, the teacher assumes responsibility for not understanding. These standards are rigorous, and in order to fully explore the concepts outlined in the standards, students must discuss them in both a whole group setting and in small cooperative learning groups or guided reading groups.
You might even consider asking students to pass these ideas around the room to share with one another, as long as you have warned them in advance that you will do so. Personal Response, Informational Text, and Literature.
Ask students to state their name before they begin speaking. So what did you take that to mean, Lin? Discussion guides can take many forms — some will be tight scripts that you will follow closely, and some will be rough outlines that act as a quick reference tool for the person conducting research.
This strategy is great for equalizing participation and keeping individual students from dominating the discussion. Use online resources and content management systems to extend class discussions. This activity also gives quieter students the opportunity to prepare answers they can share with the group.
Well, I think that meant that instead of the fishermen being careful not to be greedy, they just went along catching everything—just so that they could make more money. Here are some general strategies for achieving this: The following are resources that Vanderbilt faculty and TAs have found particularly useful: This system can be useful for limiting students who dominate the discussion and encouraging quiet students to contribute.
Ask them to discuss how those details support the main idea. Tools and Techniques for Democratic Classrooms Slow down when you are using big words or complicated phrases and spell out key names, and urge students to do the same.
Listen, Attend, Apprehend On the surface, it seems like a no-brainer that teachers should listen to what students say. Give Students Time So much to be done! Dealing with Unprepared Students concisely describes strategies for encouraging students to be prepared, as well as for dealing with the occasional unprepared class polls, quotation exercise, etc.
Remember that in the modern classroom, there are many ways to be "present" and to "participate. See the teaching tip on Classroom Management: You might spend the first session with your students exploring the characteristics of effective and ineffective discussions. But even though this is not a tested area, speaking and listening skills are extremely important.
You might also use a more formal questionnaire and have students rate these various aspects of the discussion. Instructors then can ask students to share and compare their captures, either in small groups or to the class at large. Use a brainstorming activity.
Well, I remember my father saying that "democracy is dependent on an informed electorate," and if people are basing choices on the kind of haircut a candidate has, or if he has zits, or is wearing uncool clothes—well, yes, that makes me worried.
Ask students to contribute ideas related to the discussion topic no matter how bizarre or farfetched and write all ideas on the board.
The Artistry of Discussion Leadership In our experience, a discussion guide that falls somewhere in the middle is preferable. Although the ideal discussion is spontaneous and unpredictable, you will want to do some careful planning.Let the discussion peak by asking questions that require students to apply concepts and principles they have developed to new data and different situations.
Types of Effective Questions Here are some types of questions that tend to facilitate thoughtful, sustained discussions. Leading an Effective Discussion (adapted from “How to Get Students to Talk in Class,” Center for Teaching and Learning, Stanford University, and from the “Learning through Discussion Strategies for Section.
Effective Class Discussions Class discussions can be utilized in seminar and lecture courses, and their variety allows instructors to fit particular strategies to class needs. This flexibility stems largely from grounding in Vygotskyian social learning theory, which emphasizes knowledge and conceptual gain through peer-to-peer dialogue.
Productive classroom discussions—those that enable students to invent, create, imagine, take risks, and dig for deeper meanings—can only take place in a climate in which students feel safe to offer their ideas.
A few years into my teaching career, a colleague attended training at Phillips Exeter Academy on the Harkness method, in which classroom learning takes place as students and teacher sit in a circle or oval for discussions and all students must contribute.
The 12 Steps to an Effective Discussion Chapter To make sure your message remains crystal-clear, the Discussion chapter should be short and sweet, but it should fully state, support, elaborate, explain, and defend your conclusions.Download