The super-ego and the self-concept, both describe internalised rules and moral values which have been imposed upon us by significant others. Cognitive therapy is about how clients interpret the world around them, the environment and situations with which they are faced, and how these cognitive interpretations shape their emotional states and responses.
Essentially, cognitive therapy focuses on thinking.
In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, this process of change occurs by means of education, and by bringing these thought patterns into awareness behavioural change will occur.
By this process, change will occur and the client will be better equipped to understand the connections between past events and present behaviour.
The relationship between the client and the counsellor is also different in that in the Person Centred Approach the core conditions are a vital tool whereas in the Psychodynamic Approach the counsellor is a blank slate onto which the client can project.
As well as being non-directive the counselling relationship is based on the core conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard.
It is in fact true that there are a lot of differences between the two approaches, and it can clearly be seen through the above analysis. The therapeutic intervention of immediacy used in the Person Centred Approach could be compared to the technique of transference used in the Psychodynamic Approach however; in the Person-Centred Approach, the emphasis on the present replaces the investigative perspective of the Psychodynamic Approach.
In the Person-Centred Approach growth is self-directed. By helping clients to recognise negative thought patterns they can learn new positive ways of thinking which ultimately will affect their feelings and their behaviour. They both have a positive view of human nature and view the individual as not necessarily being a product of their past experiences, but acknowledge that they are able to determine their own futures.
When comparing and contrasting these three major approaches in relation to their differing theoretical rationale, I found the following similarities between the Person-Centred Approach and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy deals only with the here-and-now, it does not address the past, deals only with presenting symptoms and could miss underlying problems.
In contrast to the Psychodynamic Approach, the Person-Centred Approach focuses on the conscious mind and what is going on in the here-and-now whereas the Psychodynamic Approach focuses on the subconscious and looks to early childhood to examine unresolved conflicts. The id and the organismic self are both representative of that part of the psyche that is often ignored or repressed.
Clients become out of touch with this self-actualising tendency by means of introjecting the evaluations of others and thereby treating them as if they were their own. The Person-Centred Approach focuses on the positive belief in the human ability to self-actualise whereas the Psychodynamic Approach focuses largely on the negative aspects.
The psychological condition of the individual helps psychoanalyst and therapists to find out which therapy can be used. In this article I hope to unravel and clarify some of the mystery surrounding these three types of counselling approaches by means of comparing and contrasting with reference to their differing theoretical rationale, therapeutic interventions and processes of change.
Though, not practiced completely by many therapists these days, it is included in the theory and practice of several theorists and therapists in the past.
However, this may take time, and when using the client-centered model, the therapist should be prepared that counselling may be rather prolonged. The client-centered approach is also much about respecting the clients and their freedom to express themselves in the most comfortable way, while constantly showing regard, and tolerance, to encourage such free expressions.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is also more structured and goal-oriented, and it allows the client and the therapist to work together towards the specific set aims, step-by-step Norman The aim is to make the unconscious conscious in order for the client to gain insight.
Cognitive behavioral therapy has two components: Because our behaviour is viewed as having being learned, it can, therefore, be unlearned.
By changing thoughts, we can change the way in which we react to situations and events. Being congruent means being self-aware, self-accepting, and having no mask between oneself and the client Janon What are They?
Comparing and Contrasting Three of the Main Counselling Approaches Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Contributors: Ellis - & Beck -) focuses on how an individual’s thoughts and perceptions affect the way they feel (emotions) and behave.
In contrast to the Psychodynamic Approach, the Person-Centred Approach. A clear explanation of psychodynamic psychotherapy vs CBT - the differences and the pros and cons of these two dominant therapies, to help you decide include free association, recognising resistance and transference (unconsciously transferring feelings about a person or event in the past onto a There are of course many different types.
Sep 09, · Counselling Theories Compared and Contrasted. In this video I compare and contrast person centered therapy rational emotive behavioural therapy, and transactional analysis. SUBSCRIBE TO MY YOUTUBE. Read this essay on Compare and Contrast Person Centered and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at mint-body.com". Comparison of CBT & Person-Centred Approaches Comparison of CBT Approach with Person-Centred & Transpersonal Approaches Introduction Cognitive behavioural therapy is a successful and preferred way of psychotherapy, readily derived from cognitive standards.
Behavioural therapy focuses on implementing. Counselling Theories Compare and Contrasted In this section, we are going to look at three different forms of counselling, how they compare and how they differ.
The first thing to consider is that all counsellors, no matter which model of counselling they practise, should offer the core conditions discussed in the section on person-centred therapy.Download